May 08, 2022 | 07:06 IST


New export policy a boon for Goan farmers

Goa’s agricultural export policy, which was notified this month, promises farmers in the state hope that their produce can also be exported. Goa is gearing up to take advantage of the logistics infrastructure being built, including Mopa Airport, which is set to become one of the biggest logistics hubs on the west coast. Team Herald examines what the state government has planned for farmers under the agriculture export policy.

The Goa government finally notified the Agricultural Export Policy (AEP) this month. In fact, the Indian government aims to double agricultural exports from US$30 billion to US$60 billion by 2022 and reach US$100 billion in the next few years. The state of Goa believes that it can contribute its share above the target by having a state-level agricultural export guidance policy and a monitoring committee.

Agricultural products of Goa such as cashew nuts, Mancurad mango, Moira banana, Alsando, Korgut rice could be the export cover of the state. Goa Cashew is organic by default. Currently, a 9,500 hectare cashew plantation is under organic certification and an additional 1,500 hectares of cashews are being converted. In addition to the above, an additional 10,000 hectares of area under different crops are being converted under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY). Marketing Goan organic cashew can bring revenue to the state and increase farmers’ income.

The notification mentioned that the export of products from Goa Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA) in 2016-2017 was 17740.23 metric tons worth Rs 9881.12 lakh. In 2017-2018, the export was 13585.93 MT worth Rs 7364.51 lakh. The main products exported from Goa are alcoholic beverages, jaggery and confectionery, miscellaneous preparations and cereal preparations, etc.

The main objectives of the Goa State Agricultural Export Policy (AEP) are to increase farmers’ incomes and the state’s share of national agricultural exports. The main objectives of the state government are to promote Goa as India’s agricultural export centre; entrepreneurship development; diversifying the export basket, destinations and boosting high-value and value-added agricultural exports, including a focus on perishable commodities.

The Government of Goa also wishes, through this new AEP, to promote exports of new, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional agricultural products; the creation of an efficient export-oriented infrastructure and the use of existing infrastructure; Establish an institutional mechanism to pursue market access, address barriers and address sanitary and phytosanitary issues as well as skills development of relevant actors in the agricultural export sector.

The government believes that Goa can become an export hub through the facility of Mormugao Port and Dabolim Airport and with the future international airport can expand export opportunities and increase revenue for the country. State. All of this can be achieved when farmers’ efforts are combined with the development of the necessary export infrastructure in the state. Private contractors and the Goa Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) should be involved in infrastructure development.

The establishment of a stable trade policy regime and the reforms undertaken in the agricultural sector will pave the way for agricultural exports from Goa. The Directorate of Agriculture of Goa Government is a nodal department for agricultural export policy and efforts such as formation of FPOs, processing units etc. will boost agricultural exports from Goa.

Goa, India’s smallest state by land area and fourth smallest by population, is bounded by Maharashtra to the north, Karnataka to the east and south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. . Goa has an area of ​​3702 km². The geographical location of Goa lies between latitude 15 40’00” North to 14 53’54” North and longitude 74 20’13” East to 73 40’33”. Goa is part of the coastal country known as Konkan, which is an escarpment rising up to the Western Ghats mountain range, which separates it from the Deccan plateau.

However, the state faces problems of enough farmland to feed its own population. Coastal areas are exposed to salinity and are not considered good agricultural areas, while inland areas are not productive enough. For its daily needs of agricultural products like vegetables, Goa depends on Karnataka and Maharashtra. Also, about a third of the total land area of ​​Goa falls under forest areas.

Important crops apart from paddy and pulses, cash crops like coconut, cashew, areca, mango, jackfruit, banana, pineapple are also grown in abundance. A variety of mangoes are grown in Goa. Some of the famous mango varieties are Mankurad, Mussarade, Fernandine, Xavier, Alfonso, Colaco. There are two varieties of jackfruit grown here, namely Kapo (hard) and Rasal (soft). The vegetables that are part of the agriculture in Goa are brinjal, ladyfingers, radish, cucumber, pumpkins, drumsticks, chillies, breadfruit and different varieties of squash. Sweet potatoes, onions are also available. (See Box 1)

Export of products from Goa Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA) in 2016-17 was 17740.23 MT with a value of Rs. 9881.12 lakhs. In 2017-18, the export was worth Rs 13,585.93. 7364.51 lakhs. The main products exported from Goa are alcoholic beverages, jaggery and confectionery, miscellaneous preparations and cereal preparations, etc. (see box 2)

The production-centric approach needs to be shifted towards market-centric production to boost exports. Agricultural exports, if properly supported by infrastructure, institutional support, packaging, freight, transport and connected to the internal production system supported by market access, will be able to transform the agricultural economy . Low agricultural productivity to poor infrastructure, global price volatility to market access are the challenges of agricultural exports in the state, but the overall goals are to increase farmers’ incomes and state share in domestic agricultural exports.

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